Research / Resource library

Medical/Forensic Care

Sexual Assault
Sexual Assault Against Women

Lonsway, K. (2009, January). Rape prevention and risk reduction: review of the research literature for practitioners. Harrisburg, PA: VAWnet, a project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence/ Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved 01/13/2009, from: www.vawnet.org.

Morgan, J.A. (2008). Comparison of cervical Os versus vaginal evidentiary findings during sexual assault exam. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 34(2), 102-105.

Rogers, A., McIntyre, S., Rossman, L., Bacon-Baguley, T., & Jones, J. (2008). The forensic rape examination: Is colposcopy really necessary? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 52(4), S63.

Sommers, M.S., Zink, T.M., Fargo, J.D., Baker, R.B., Buschur, C., Shambley-Ebron, D.Z., et al. (2008). Forensic sexual assault examination and genital injury: is skin color a source of health disparity? American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 26(8), 857-866.

Cook, R.J., Dickens, B.M., & Thapa, S. (2005). Caring for victims of sexual abuse. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 91(2), 194-199.

Johnston, B.T. (2005). Outcome indicators for sexual assault victims. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 1(3), 118-132.

Du Mont, J., & McGregor, M.J. (2004). Sexual violence in the lives of urban sex workers: A descriptive and comparative analysis. Women and Health, 39(3), 79- 96.

Peschers, U.M., Du Mont, J., Jundt, K., Pfürtner, M., Dugan, E., & Kindermann, G. (2003). Prevalence of sexual abuse among women seeking gynecologic care in Germany. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 101(1), 103-108.

Miller, K-L., & Du Mont, J. (2000). Countless abused women: Homeless and inadequately housed. Canadian Woman Studies, 20(3), 115-122.

Stermac, L., Du Mont, J., & Dunn, S. (1998). Violence in known assailant sexual assaults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13(3), 398-412.

Du Mont, J., & Stermac, L. (1996). Research with women who have been sexually assaulted: Examining informed consent. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 5(3), 185-191.

Stermac, L.E., Du Mont, J.A., & Kalemba, V. (1995). Comparison of sexual assaults by stranger and known assailants in an urban population of women. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 153(8), 1089-1094.

Sexual Assault Against Men

Light, D., & Monk-Turner, E. (2008). Circumstances surrounding male sexual assault and rape: Findings from the national violence against women survey. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ePub.

Child Sexual Abuse

Berkoff, M.C., Zolotor, A.J., Makoroff, K.L., et al. (2008). Has this prepubertal girl been sexually abused? Journal of the American Medical Association, 300(23), 2779- 2792.

Hornor, G. (2008). A normal ano-genital exam: sexual abuse or not? Journal of Pediatric Health Care, Article in Press.

Kucuker, H. (2008). Analysis of 268 child and adolescent victims of sexual assault and the legal outcome. The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 50(4), 313-316.

Spitzer, R.F., Kives, S., Caccia, N., Ornstein, M., Goia, C., & Allen, L.M. (2008). Retrospective review of unintentional female genital trauma at a pediatric referral center. Pediatric Emergency Care, 24(12), 831-835.

Adams, J.A., Kaplan, R.A., Starling, S.P., Mehta, N.H., Finkel, M.A., Botash, A.S. et al. (2007). Guidelines for medical care of children who may have been sexually abused. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 20(3), 163-172.

McCann, J., Miyamoto, S., Boyle, C., & Rogers, K. (2007). Healing of nonhymenal genital injuries in prepubertal and adolescent girls: A descriptive study. I, 1000-1011.

Bernard, D., Peters, M., & Makoroff, K. (2006). The evaluation of suspected pediatric sexual abuse. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 7(3), 161-169.

Kellogg, N.D., Menard, S.W., & Santos, A. (2004). Genital anatomy in pregnant adolescents: “Normal” does not mean “nothing happened”. Pediatrics, 113(1), 67-69.

Domestic violence

Renker, P. R. (2008). Breaking the barriers: The promise of computer-assisted screening for intimate partner violence. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 53(6), 496-503.

Romans, S., Cohen, M.M., Forte, T., Du Mont, J., & Hyman, I. (2008). Gender and psychotropic medication use: The role of intimate partner violence. Preventive Medicine [E-pub ahead of print].

N. Zoe Hilton, Grant T. Harris, and Norah Holder (2008). Actuarial Assessment of Violence Risk in Hospital-Based Partner Assault Clinics. CJNR 2008,Vol. 40 No 4, 56–70. CLICK

Hilton, N.Z., Harris, G.T., Rice, M.E., Eke, A.W., & Lowe-Wetmore, T. (2007). Training front-line users in the Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA): A tool for police domestic investigations. The Canadian Journal of Police & Security Services, 5(1, 2), 92-96.

Romans, S., Forte, T., Cohen, M.M., Du Mont, J., & Hyman, I. (2007). Who is most at risk for intimate partner violence? A Canadian population-based study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22(12), 1495-1514.

Yonaka, L., Yoder, M.K., Darrow, J.B., & Sherck, J.P. (2007). Barriers to screening for domestic violence in the emergency department. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 38(1), 37-45.

Cohen, M.M., Forte, T., Du Mont, J., Hyman, I., & Romans, S. (2006). Adding insult to injury: Intimate partner violence among women and men reporting activity limitations. Annals of Epidemiology, 16(8), 644-651.

Du Mont, J., Parnis, D., & Forte, T. (2006). Judicial sentencing in Canadian intimate partner sexual assault cases. Medicine and Law, 25(1), 139-157.

Hyman, I., Forte, T., Du Mont, J., Romans, S., & Cohen, M.M. (2006). Help-seeking rates for intimate partner violence (IPV) among Canadian immigrant women. Health Care for Women International, 27(8), 682-694.

Hyman, I., Forte, T., Du Mont, J., Romans, S.E., & Cohen, M.M. (2006). The association between length of stay in Canada and intimate partner violence among immigrant women. American Journal of Public Health, 96(4), 654-659.

Cohen, M.M., Forte, T., Du Mont, J., Hyman, I., & Romans, S.E. (2005). Intimate partner violence among Canadian women with activity limitations. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(10), 834-839.

Du Mont, J., Forte, T., Cohen, M.M., Hyman, I., & Romans, S.E. (2005). Changing help- seeking rates for intimate partner violence in Canada. Women and Health, 41(1), 1-19.

Forte, T., Cohen, M.M., Du Mont, J., Hyman, I., & Romans, S.E. (2005). Psychological and physical sequelae of intimate partner violence among women with limitations in their activities of daily living. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 8(4), 248- 256.

Hilton, N.Z., Harris, G.T., Rice, M.E., Lang, C. & Cormier, C.A. (2004). A brief actuarial assessment for the prediction of wife assault recidivism: The Ontario domestic assault risk assessment. Psychological Assessment, 16(3), 267-275.

Clark, J., & Du Mont, J. (2003). Intimate partner violence and health: A critique of Canadian prevalence studies. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 94(1), 52-58.

Kramer, A. (2002). Domestic violence: How to ask and how to listen. Nursing Clinics of North America, 37(1), 189-210.

Goldman, J., & Du Mont, J. (2001). Moving forward in batterer program evaluation: Posing a qualitative, woman-centered approach. Evaluation and Program Planning, 24(3), 297-305.

Murphy, C., Schei, B., Myhr, T.L., & Du Mont, J. (2001). Abuse: A risk factor for low birth weight? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 164(11), 1567-1572.

HIV

Loutfy, M.R., Macdonald, S., Myhr, T., Husson, H., Du Mont, J., Balla, S., et al. (2008). Prospective cohort study of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis for sexual assault survivors. Antiviral Therapy, 13(1), 87-95.

National Sexual Violence Resource Centre (2008). Sexual violence and HIV: A technical assistance guide for victim service providers.

Du Mont, J., Myhr, T.L., Husson, H., Macdonald, S., Rachlis, A., & Loutfy, M.R. (2008). HIV post-exposure use among Ontario female adolescent sexual assault victims : A prospective analysis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 35(12)

Drug Facilitated Sexual Assault

Du Mont, J., Macdonald, S., Rotbard, N., Asllani, E., Bainbridge, D., & Cohen, M.M. (2009). Factors associated with suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 180(5), 513-519.

Crawford, E., Wright, M.O., & Birchmeier, Z. (2008). Drug-facilitated sexual assault: College women’s risk perception and behavioral choices. Journal of American College Health, 57(3), 261-272.

Horvath, M., & Brown, J. (2007). Alcohol as drug of choice: Is drug-assisted rape a misnomer? Psychology, Crime & Law, 13(5), 417-429.

Amir, L., & Waisman, Y. (2006). Medical and toxicological aspects of drug-facilitated sexual assault. Israeli Journal of Emergency Medicine, 6(3), 62-66.

Association of Chief Police Officers (2006). Operation Matisse- Investigating drug facilitated sexual assault. London, UK: Gee, D., Owen, P., McLean, I., Brentnall, K., & Thundercloud, C.

Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences- College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago (2005). Estimate of the incidence of drug-facilitated sexual assault in the U.S. (final report). Chicago, I.L.: Negrusz, A., Juhascik, M., & Gaensslen R.E.

Horvath, M., & Brown, J. (2005). Drug-assisted rape and sexual assault: Definitional, conceptual and methodological developments. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 2(3), 203-210.

McGregor, M.J., Lipowska, M., Shah, S., Du Mont, J., & De Siato, C. (2003). An exploratory analysis of suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault seen in a hospital emergency department. Women and Health, 37(3), 71-80.

Testa, M., Livingston, J.A., Vanzile-Tamsen, C., & Frone, M.R. (2003). The role of women’s substance use in vulnerability to forcible and incapacitated rape. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(6), 756-764.

Hindmarch, I., ElSohly, M., Gambles, J., & Salamone, S. (2001). Forensic urinalysis of drug use in cases of alleged sexual assault. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 8(4), 197-205.

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners

Bechtel, K., Ryan, E., & Gallagher, D. (2008). Impact of sexual assault nurse examiners on the evaluation of sexual assault in a pediatric emergency department. Pediatric Emergency Care, 24(7), 442-447.

Plichta, S.B., Clements, P.T., & Houseman, C. (2007). Why SANEs matter: Models of Care for sexual violence victims in the emergency department. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 3(1), 15-23.

Plichta, S.B., Clements, P.T., & Houseman, C. (2007). Sexual assault nurse examiner program characteristics, barriers, and lessons learned. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 3(1), 24-34.

Zweig, J. M. (2007). Predicting women’s perceptions of domestic violence and sexual assault agency helpfulness: What matters to program clients? Violence Against Women, 13(11), 1149-1178

Campbell, R., Patterson, D., & Lichty, L.F. (2005). The effectiveness of sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) programs: A review of psychological, medical, legal, and community outcomes. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 6(4), 313-329.

Du Mont, J., & Parnis, D. (2003). Forensic nursing in the context of sexual assault: Comparing the opinions and practices of nurse examiners and nurses? Applied Nursing Research, 16(3), 173-183.

Ericksen, J., Dudley, C., McIntosh, G., Ritch, L., Shumay, S., & Simpson, M. (2002). Client’s experiences with a specialized sexual assault service. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 28(1), 86-90.

Legal

Du Mont, J., Miller, K-L., & White, D. (2007). Social workers perspectives on victim impact statements in cases of sexual assault in Canada. Women and Criminal Justice, 18(3), 1-23.

Du Mont, J., Forte, T., & Badgley, R.F. (2007). Judicial sentencing in Canadian adolescent and adult sexual assault cases: Does the punishment fit the crime? Medicine and Law, 26(4), 747-768.

Parnis, D., & Du Mont, J. (2006). Symbolic power and the institutional response to rape: Uncovering the cultural dynamics of a forensic technology. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 43(1), 73-93.

Du Mont, J., & Parnis, D. (2004). The doctor’s dilemma: Caregiving and medicolegal evidence collection. Medicine and Law, 23(3), 515-529.

Du Mont, J. (2003). Charging and sentencing in sexual assault cases: An exploratory examination. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 15(2), 305-343.

Du Mont, J., Miller, K-L., & Myhr, T.L. (2003). The role of “real rape” and “real victim” stereotypes in police reporting practices of sexually assaulted women. Violence Against Women, 9(4), 466-486.

Parnis, D., & Du Mont, J. (2002). Examining the standardized application of rape kits: An exploratory study of post sexual assault professional practices. Health Care for Women International, 23(8), 846-853.

McGregor, M. J., Du Mont, J., & Myhr, T.L. (2002). Sexual assault forensic medical examination: Is evidence related to successful prosecution? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 39(6), 639-647.

Du Mont, J., & Parnis, D. (2001). Constructing bodily evidence through Sexual Assault Evidence Kits. The Griffith Law Review, 10(1), 63-76.

Du Mont, J., McGregor, M.J., Myhr, T.L., & Miller, K-L. (2000). Predicting legal outcomes from medicolegal findings: An examination of sexual assault in two jurisdictions. Journal of Women’s Health and Law, 1(3), 219-233.

Du Mont, J., & Parnis, D. (2000). Sexual assault and legal resolution: Querying the medical collection of forensic evidence. Medicine and Law, 19(4), 779-792.

Du Mont, J., & Parnis, D. (1999). Judging women: The pernicious effects of rape mythology. Canadian Woman Studies, 19(1 & 2), 102-109.

Parnis, D., & Du Mont, J. (1999). Rape laws and rape processing: The contradictory nature of corroboration. Canadian Woman Studies, 19(1 & 2), 74-78.

Other

Parnis, D., Du Mont, J., & Gombay, B. (2005). Cooperation or co-optation? Assessing the methodological benefits and barriers involved in conducting qualitative research through medical institutional settings. Qualitative Health Research, 15(5), 686-697.

Renner, E.K. (2002). Re-conceptualizing sexual assault from an intractable social problem to a manageable process of social change. In J.F. Hodgson & D.S. Kelley (Eds.), Sexual violence: policies, practices, and challenges in the United States and Canada (135-153). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Ontario Network of Sexual Assault/Domestic Violence Treatment Centres Reports/Documents

Du Mont, J., Macdonald, S., Rotbard, N., Bainbridge, D., Asllani, E., & Cohen, M.M. (2008). Responding to victims/survivors of drug facilitated sexual assault: Protocol development, implementation, and evaluation. Research report prepared for the Ontario Women’s Health Council (Available from the Ontario Network of Sexual Assault & Domestic Violence Treatment Centres).

Ontario Network of Sexual Assault & Domestic Violence Treatment Centres, Ontario, Canada (2007). Guidelines for the collection of forensic evidence from the person who is unable to provide consent. Ontario Network of Sexual Assault & Domestic Violence Treatment Centres: Macdonald, S., & Norris, P.

Du Mont, J., Humphries, H., Leeke, T., Loutfy, M.R., Macdonald, S., Myhr, T.L., & Rachlis, A. (2005). A prospective cohort study of HIV-1 post exposure prophylaxis in Ontario sexual assault victims/survivors. Research report prepared for the Ontario Women’s Health Council (Available from the Ontario Network of Sexual Assault & Domestic Violence Treatment Centres).

K. Edward Renner, PhD. Re-Conceptualizing Sexual Assault from an Intractable Social Problem to a Manageable Process of Social Change. In Sexual Violence: Policies, Practices, and Challenges in the United States and Canada, edited by J. F. Hodgson and D. S. Kelley. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002, pp 135- 153.

Title: The medical and ethical aspects of photography in the sexual assault examination: why does it offend? Journal of clinical forensic medicine. www.mdconsult.com/das/journal/view/0/N/16251420?issn=&source=MI

Resource library
Current research

Sexual Violence and HIV: A Technical Assistance Guide for Victim Service Providers by the national Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2008. Online at: http://new.vawnet.org/category/Documents.php?docid=1311

This guide provides information on the prevalence of sexual violence and HIV, types of available HIV testing and treatment, benefits and risks of such testing and treatment. [Source: VAWnet :eNewsletter (May/June 2008)]

The Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) Study
This study proposes to validate a tool for actuarial risk assessment for wife assault, in particular, exploring its usefulness to centres working with victims of domestic assault. The ODARA was developed empirically and has been shown to predict, with a large effect size, repeated domestic assaults by men who have come into contact with the police for such assaults in the past. We expect that by participating in the ODARA study, the treatment centre can help foster cross-communication between law enforcement and client services. For more information please contact Dr. Hilton.

Du Mont, J., & White, D (2007). The uses and impacts of medico-legal evidence in sexual assault cases: A global review. Available at: www.who.int/gender/documents/svri1_summary.pdf

World Health Organization, Geneva (2005). WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women: Summary report of initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s responses. Available at: www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/summary_report/e

World Report on Violence and Health , (2002): Summary. World Health Organization, Geneva. www.who.int/gender/documents/svri1_summary.pdf

Chapter 4: Violence by Intimate Partners, World Report on Violence and Health. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2002.
www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/global_campaign/en/chap4.pdf

Resource library

Domestic violence
Effects of domestic abuse on children
Domestic violence against women
Domestic violence against men
Screening for domestic violence
Information for:
Educators
Law enforcement
Parents

Sexual assault
Child sexual assault
Sexual assault of women
Sexual assault of men


Domestic violence
Effects of domestic abuse on children

Children and Teenagers Testifying in Domestic Violence Cases
By Alison Cunningham & Pamela Hurley (2007)
This is one handbook in a series of seven called A Full and Candid Account about child witnesses. The focus here is on children who are potential witnesses in domestic violence cases. Their names may be on a witness list because they gave a police statement during the investigation. It also discusses teenaged complainants in intimate violence cases, who are another type of “child witnesses.” For the children and teenagers, these cases present both the typical challenges for court witnesses as well as pressures unique to offences occurring within the family context. You will find here information on how domestic violence is understood by children, an overview of the concept of domestic violence court, FAQs, questions children may ask, and suggestions on how to support complainant parents.

Les enfants et les ados qui témoignent dans des cas de violence conjugale
Par Alison Cunningham et Pamela Hurley (2007)
Le présent guide est le septième d’une série de sept guides – «Un récit complet et franc» -– qui s’adressent au personnel de première ligne du système de justice. Le présent guide est axé principalement sur les enfants qui pourraient être témoins dans des cas de violence conjugale. Il se peut que leur nom figure sur la liste des témoins parce qu’ils ont fait une déclaration à la police durant l’enquête. Nous discutons également d’adolescentes plaignantes dans des cas de violence entre partenaires intimes, qui sont un autre type «d’enfants témoins». Pour les enfants et les ados, ces cas présentent à la fois les défis typiques auxquels font face les témoins ainsi que les pressions particulières associées à des infractions survenues dans un contexte familial.

Little Eyes, Little Ears: How Violence Against a Mother Shapes Children as they Grow
By Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker (2007)
A resource developed with funding from the National Clearinghouse on Family Violence in Ottawa, a division of the Public Health Agency of Canada. It is an update and expansion of our popular Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and its Effects on Children from 2005. We combined the most popular information from our most popular resources, included some new material, and added reference to the newest sources of information and updated statistics.

Petits yeux, petites oreilles: Comment la violence envers une mère façonne les enfants lorsqu’ils grandissent
Par Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker (2007)

Youth Exposed to Domestic Violence: A Handbook for the Juvenile Justice System to Enhance Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Youth from Violent Homes
By Linda Baker & Peter Jaffe (2003)
The fourth in a series of handbooks designed with funding from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Youth in the juvenile justice system may be victims of violence, witnesses to violence, perpetrators of violence in the home, or involved in abusive relationships. A youth can be all four. Topics include signs a youth is having difficulty, responding to disclosures, abuse perpetrated by adolescents, guidelines for assessing risk and safety planning, promising practices, and a model group intervention. Developed in partnership with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Topics include signs a youth is having difficulty, responding to disclosures, abuse perpetrated by adolescents, guidelines for assessing risk and safety planning, promising practices, and a model group intervention.

Woman Abuse Affects our Children: An Educator’s Guide
By Linda Baker & Peter Jaffe (2007)
This Educator’s Guide and its companion Facilitator’s Manual were developed by an expert panel formed as part of the Ontario government’s Domestic Violence Action Plan. The English-language expert panel developed these training materials to better support women and their children, and reduce abuse. The panel included representatives from provincial elementary teacher organizations, principal councils, school and Native guidance associations, Ontario faculties of education, community groups supporting immigrant and refugee women, and organizations from the violence prevention field.

Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and its Effects on Children
By Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2005)
A concise introduction to this important topic. Find information on the dynamics of woman abuse, the concept of power and control, facts and figures, how to support women and help them find appropriate resources, how children are affected by violence at home, how children cope, how to respond to child disclosure, standards of professional conduct, taking stock of your own attitudes, and suggestions for how you can make a difference to end violence. In one place, find relevant and up-to-date information with directions to easily accessible resources for further study.

Apprendre à écouter: Comprendre la violence faite aux femmes et ses effets sur les enfants
Par Linda Baker et Alison Cunningham (2005)
Un guide concis pour des étudiants et des volontaires dans Ontario, pour les préparer reconnaître et pour répondre aux familles dans lesquelles il y a violence faite aux femmes. Les matières adressées incluent la matière de base sur la dynamique de la violence faites aux femmes, du concept de pouvoir et de contrôle, des faits et des statistiques, comment appuyer une femme et l’aider à trouver les ressources appropriées, comment des enfants sont affectés par violence familiale, comment les enfants font face à la violence chez eux, comment répondre à la dénonciation d’enfant de mauvais traitement ou de négligence, normes de conduite professionnelle, examinant vos propres attitudes, et suggestions pour la façon dont vous pouvez faire une différence pour finir la violence. Les étudiants trouveront toute l’information appropriée et à jour, et sont dirigés vers les ressources facilement accessibles pour davantage d’étude.

Child Protection and Domestic Violence: Learning from Canada (2005)
This was a 2005 conference organized by NSPCC Cymru/Wales in Cardiff. Focus was on the principles and good-practice models for working with abused women, abusive men, and their children. Linda Baker and Alison Cunningham were joined by our community colleague Tim Kelly, Executive Director of Changing Ways men’s treatment program. The PowerPoint slides of the six Canadian presentations are available here.

Maltreatment and the Developing Brain: How Early Childhood Experience Shapes Child and Culture
By Bruce Perry, M.D. (2005)
An illustrated summary of the inaugural lecture in the Margaret Norrie McCain Lecture Series. Dr. Perry describes how traumatic features of a violent world – noise, chaos, fear, isolation, deprivation, neglect – could alter the developing brain of fetuses, babies, and toddlers. Their brains adapt appropriately to toxic environments, but these adaptations are at odds with requirements for school and healthy social relationships. Children would be primed to survive their worlds, leaving them ill-prepared to achieve their full potentials in our world.

Helping Children Thrive / Supporting Woman Abuse Survivors as Mothers: A Resource to Support Parenting
By Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2004)
This resource is written for service providers assisting women who have survived woman abuse. Material addresses the needs of abused women as mothers, how abusive men parent, how abusive men affect family dynamics, effects of power and control tactics on mothers, the potential impact of woman abuse on children of different ages, and strategies used by young people to cope with violence in their homes. Guidance on parenting children who have lived with violence is also offered. Any of the 27 handouts can be distributed as an adjunct to individual or group interventions on woman abuse or on parenting.

Pour aider les enfants à mieux réussir: En assistant dans leur rôle maternel les survivantes de la violence faite aux femmes
Par Linda Baker et Alison Cunningham (2004)
Cette ressource a été préparée à l’intention des prestatrices de services qui viennent en aide aux femmes qui désirent progresser au delà de la violence. Les enfants qui ont vécu avec la violence que leur mère a subie ont quand même doit à un comportement parental efficace de sa part, et c’est là l’objectif de cette ressource. Les renseignements qu’elle contient s’appliquent aussi bien à un travail individualisé auprès des femmes qu’à un travail en groupe, qu’il s’agisse d’une intervention de courte durée ou à long terme. Les femmes ainsi que les personnes qui les soutiennent sont invitées à consulter une documentation supplémentaire qui traite du problème d’une manière approfondie. Toutes ces oeuvres sont basées sur trois volets de la recherche dans ce domaine : les besoins explicites des femmes violentées en tant que mères, les techniques suggérées pour favoriser un rôle parental “efficace” et les répercussions de la violence familiale sur les enfants.

What About ME! Seeking to Understand the Child’s View of Violence in the Family
By Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker (2004)
This study involved an exhaustive review of the literature on child exposure to domestic violence (almost 400 sources) integrated with extensive clinical experience to create a revolutionary new framework for understanding, studying and intervening with children who have lived with woman abuse. Case studies illustrate key points and child drawings bring to life the experience of violence through young eyes.

Access Denied: The Barriers of Violence and Poverty for Abused Women and Their Children After Separation (Summary)
By Peter Jaffe, Michelle Zerwer & Samantha Poisson (2002)
A summary of the full study report. To provide a broader context, study findings and recommendations are juxtaposed with myths and facts.

Access Denied: The Barriers of Violence and Poverty for Abused Women and Their Children After Separation (Full Report)
By Peter Jaffe, Michelle Zerwer & Samantha Poisson (2002)
In this two-year study, 62 women related their experiences in the legal system and their efforts to find legal services and counselling after separation from an abusive partner. Ninety-five children were interviewed as well. Focus groups with women revealed that some found assistance, while others described a sense of re-victimization by legal, social service and mental health professionals who lacked an understanding of the dynamics of domestic violence.

Domestic violence against women

Wathen CN, Jamieson E, Wilson M, Daly M, Worster A, MacMillan HL and the McMaster University Violence Against Women Research Group. Risk indicators to identify intimate partner violence in the emergency department. Open Med 2007;1(2):e113-22. Free full-text available at: www.openmedicine.ca/article/view/63/62

Gutmanis IA, Beynon C, Tutty L, Wathen CN, MacMillan HL. Factors influencing identification of and response to intimate partner violence: a survey of physicians and nurses. BMC Public Health 2007;7:12. Full PDF version of this paper is available.

MacMillan HL, Wathen CN. Family violence research: lessons learned and where from here? JAMA. 2005 Aug 3;294(5):618-20.

MacMillan HL, Wathen CN. Violence against women: integrating the evidence into clinical practice. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2003;169:570-571.

Wathen CN, MacMillan HL Interventions for violence against women: scientific review. JAMA 2003;289:589-600.

Domestic violence against men

Abuse in Gay Male Relationships: A Discussion Paper
By Kevin Kirkland, Ph.D. (2004)
This discussion paper provides an overview of available knowledge on the nature and extent of abuse in gay male relationships. It situates the issue in a cultural context, examining myths surrounding homosexuality and gay relationships as well as the obstacles that victims may face when seeking help to deal with or escape from such relationships. The paper identifies risk factors and abusive patterns and concludes with suggestions as to where helpful resources and services may be found by individuals as well as professionals who work with victims and/or perpetrators.

Intimate Partner Abuse Against Men - Overview Paper
By Dr. Eugen Lupri and Dr. Elaine Grandin (2004)
This document provides an overview of the available research findings on the nature and extent of abuse committed by women against their intimate male partners, as well as an examination of the various methods that have been used in that research. It identifies risk factors and the physical and psychological effects on victims. Finally, it considers issues relevant to prevention and offers suggestions on what individuals (victims, friends and professionals) can do and what resources and services they can access for help.

Screening for domestic violence

MacMillan HL, Wathen CN, Jamieson E, Boyle M, McNutt LA, Worster A, Lent B, Webb M; McMaster Violence Against Women Research Group. Approaches to screening for intimate partner violence in health care settings: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2006 Aug 2;296(5):530-6.

Taket A, Wathen CN, MacMillan HL. Should health professionals screen all women for domestic violence? PloS Med 2004;1:e4.

Wathen CN, MacMillan HL, Jamieson E. Screening for intimate partner violence. Am J Prev Med. 2006 Nov; 31(5):453.

For educators

Professor’s Resource Guide to Teaching About Woman Abuse and its Effects on Children
By Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2005)
A teaching aid for the post-secondary educator planning a lecture or workshop on how woman abuse affects infants, children or teenagers. Background resource material covers important points to emphasize; teaching tips; preparation for questions you may hear from students; suggestions for further reading and topics of discussion; and suggestions for student handouts. Also covered are sources of official statistics, a quick overview of research, and a summary of how a child may think and feel about violence in his or her home.

Guide de ressources du professeur: Enseigner en quoi consiste la violence faite aux femmes et ses effets sur les enfants
Par Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2005)
Dans cette ressource, nous fournissons le matériel de ressource de fond pour faciliter votre préparation pour un cours : les points importants à souligner avec des étudiant(e)s ; conseils d’enseignement ; préparation pour des questions que vous pouvez recevoir des nouvelles des étudiant(e)s ; suggestions pour matières de discussion ; et suggestions pour documents de cours pour les étudiant(e)s. Vous trouverez également des statistiques, une vue d’ensemble rapide de recherche, et un sommaire de la façon dont un enfant peut penser et se sentir à la violence dans sa maison.

Through a New Lens: Seeing Woman Abuse in the Life of a Young Child—A Learning Module for Early Childhood Education Programs
By Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2005)
The ECE professor gets all the material needed to plan a two-hour lecture – or a full-day workshop. We outline learning objectives, recommended learning resources (all available on-line), suggested videos/DVDs, supplementary learning activities for students, case studies for discussion, a list of optional class handouts, some background statistics and research. Professors can explain why students need to learn about woman abuse, how children might be affected, and what signs of distress might be seen in the child care setting. They will be able to suggest strategies for the child care setting to support child adjustment and to respond to challenging behaviours. Special contingencies when families are in shelters are addressed. This document is available on our web site or on the New Lens CD. In the CD version, a test bank of multiple choice and short answer questions is included.

Nouvelle perspective: Voir la violence faite aux femmes dans la vie d’un jeune enfant – Un module d’apprentissage pour les programmes d’éducation à la petite enfance
Par Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2005)
Le présent module comprend tout ce dont vous avez besoin pour préparer un cours ou une série de cours de la durée désirée, ainsi que le contenu approprié pour votre cours et pour sélectionner des documents de cours, assigner des projets aux étudiant(e)s, chercher des conférenciers, choisir des vidéos, recommander des lectures complémentaires et préparer des questions d’examen. Les professeurs peuvent expliquer pourquoi les étudiant(e)s doivent se renseigner sur la violence faite aux femmes, comment des enfants pourraient être affectés, et quels signes de la détresse pourraient être vus dans la salle de classe. Ils pourront suggérer des stratégies afin d’aider les enfants à s’ajuster et comment aider les personnes qui prennent soin des enfants. Des situations imprévues spéciales quand les familles sont dans les refuges peuvent également être adressées.

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: An Early Childhood Educator’s Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses
By Linda Baker, Peter Jaffe, Lynda Ashbourne & Janet Carter (2002)
This resource helps early childhood educators learn about the impact of domestic violence on young children, recognize signs of difficulty in children, and learn ways to offer support and information to parents. This resource was funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and developed in collaboration with the Family Violence Prevention Fund.

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: A Teacher’s Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses
By Linda Baker, Peter Jaffe, Lynda Ashbourne & Janet Carter (2002)
Helps educators understand what might be seen in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose. An interactive CD-ROM is available for individual study, classroom use, or training workshops. A partnership with the Family Violence Prevention Fund and the National Education Association, funded by the David & Lucile Packard Foundation.

Understanding the Effects of Domestic Violence: A Trainer’s Manual for Early Childhood Educators
By Linda Baker, Peter Jaffe & Kathy Moore (2001)
A comprehensive train-the-trainer package, including background explanatory material, warm-up exercises, overhead masters, suggested activities, answers to FAQs, and case studies for discussion. A companion handbook of 18 pages is also available for distribution to training participants.

Comprendre les effets: Comprendre les effets de la violence en milieu familiale –
Un manuel de formation destiné aux éducateurs et éducatrices de la petite enfance

Par Linda Baker, Peter Jaffe & Kathy Moore (2001)
Le présent manuel présente des modules de formation sur les effets d’être exposé à la violence familiale durant la petite enfance. Ce manuel de formation accompagne le document intitulé : Comprendre les Effets de la Violence en Milieu Familial: Un guide destiné aux éducateurs et éducatrices de la petite enfance. Tous les éducateurs et les éducatrices de la petite enfance profiteront des ressources du manuel pour aider à agir auprès des enfants présentant des comportements problématiques et à assurer la sécurité des familles et enfants touchés par la violence. Ce manuel s’addresse à ceux et à celles qui offriront la formation en perfectionnement professional aux éducateurs et éducatrices de la petite enfance sur ce sujet important.

Understanding the Effects of Domestic Violence: A Handbook for Early Childhood Educators
By Linda Baker, P.G. Jaffe & Kathy Moore (2001)
An short handbook for Early Childhood Education students. In one user-friendly source, ECE students learn the relevant information required to identify and assist children who have been exposed to adult domestic violence. Topics addressed include implications for the childcare setting, safety planning, reporting to the Children’s Aid Society, and accessing community support.

Comprendre les effets: Comprendre les effets de la violence en milieu familiale – Un guide destiné aux éducateurs et éducatrices de la petite enfance
Par Linda Baker, Peter Jaffe & Kathy Moore (2001)
Un guide destiné aux etudiant(e)s dans des programmes de la petite enfance. Les étudiant(e)s apprennent l’information la plus appropriée priée pour identifier et aider les enfants qui vivent dans un climat de violence faite à leur mère.

For law enforcement

A Handbook for Police Responding to Domestic Violence: Promoting Safer Communities by Integrating Research & Practice (2004)
This is a Canadian revision of our popular trainer’s manual for the U.S. Issues discussed from the police perspective include features of domestic violence crimes, understanding the impact on children and adolescents, promising practices, distinguishing features of domestic violence crimes, recognizing the presence of children at the scene, and issues related to dual arrest.

Guide à l’intention des policiers qui interviennent dans les cas de violence familiale: Promouvoir des communautés plus sûres en intégrant la recherche et la pratique (2004)

Children Exposed to Violence: A Handbook for Police Trainers to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses
By Linda Baker, Peter Jaffe, Steven Berkowitz & Miriam Berkman (2002)
A training manual to assist police officers in the U.S. to understand and effectively respond to children and adolescents exposed to domestic violence at home. Frontline professionals aided the development of this resource which provides useful information on domestic violence, its impact on children at different developmental stages, and guidelines to assist police officers in responding to children where domestic violence is suspected or known. Features include case examples, “at-a-glance” information, community resources, answers to frequently asked questions and references. This resource was funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and developed in collaboration with the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence at Yale University School of Medicine.

For parents

Helping children thrive: Information for mothers who have left abusive relationships
By Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham (2004)
Ten tips for parenting children exposed to domestic violence are presented along with a list of ways an abusive man can affect a woman as a mother.

Pour aider les enfants: renseignements destinés à des mères qui ont quitté une relation de violence
Par Linda Baker et Alison Cunningham (2004)
Les renseignements contenus dans la présente brochure sont tirés de Pour aider les enfants à mieux réssir / En assistant dans leur rôle maternel les survivantes de la violence faite aux femmes, une ressource destiné aux victimes de violence faite aux femmes, outil pour aider des mères à élever leurs enfants. Il y a dix conseils à l’intention des parents qui sont particulièrement importants lorsque les enfants ont vécu dans un climat de violence faite à leur mère. Pourquoi les “dix conseils essentiels” sont-ils importants pour les enfants qui ont vécu avec la violence? Lisez dix raisons ici. Nous avons aussi une feuille pour femmes, pour les aider à produire des idées – peut-être dans un groupe d’appui ou avec l’assistance de la travailleuse – pour appliquer les concepts.